Introduction – Make Coffee At Home with a French Press

Making coffee at home can be satisfying and cost-effective which is why this post will show you how to make coffee at home with a French Press. Making your coffee at home is rewarding from selecting the coffee beans to enjoying the first sip of your finished product. Not only does it save you money compared to buying from your local coffee shop, but it also ensures you can control every aspect of the coffee-making process to suit your taste.

Among the various home brewing methods, the French press stands out for its simplicity and ability to produce a rich, full-bodied brew. This traditional method is cherished by coffee lovers and for good reason. The French press allows coffee grounds to steep directly in hot water, extracting a depth of flavour and aromatic oils that other methods often leave behind.

The French press offers a straightforward yet highly rewarding brewing experience. Its minimalist design means there are no paper filters or complicated machinery involved, making it an eco-friendly option. When you make coffee at home with a French press, you can experiment with different grind sizes, brewing times, and coffee-to-water ratios to find your preferred brew.

In this ultimate guide, we’ll take you through the process step-by-step, from selecting the right beans to mastering the press. We’ll provide you with essential tips and tricks to ensure you get the best cup of coffee every time. By the end of this guide, you’ll have the knowledge and confidence to brew coffee that rivals your favourite café, right in the comfort of your own home. So, grab your French press and let’s get started on this delightful coffee journey!

Why Choose a French Press?

Before diving into the steps, why is the French press a great choice for home brewing?

  • Simplicity: No need for electricity or complex machinery.
  • Flavour: The French press allows coffee grounds to steep in hot water, extracting maximum flavour and oils.
  • Control: You control the brewing time and water temperature.
  • Versatility: It can be used to make various types of coffee, including cold brew.

The Essentials for Making Coffee with a French Press

To get started, you’ll need a few items:

  • French Press: Available in various sizes, typically ranging from 3 to 12 cups.
  • Fresh Coffee Beans: Whole beans are preferred for maximum freshness.
  • Grinder: A burr grinder is ideal for a consistent grind size.
  • Kettle: For heating water to the right temperature.
  • Scale: To measure coffee and water accurately.
  • Timer: To keep track of the brewing time.

How to Make Coffee at Home with a French Press – 5 Steps

Step 1: Measure Your Coffee and Water

For a balanced brew, use a coffee-to-water ratio of 1:15. For instance, if you use 30 grams of coffee, you’ll need 450 grams (or millilitres) of water.

  1. Weigh the Coffee: Measure 30 grams of coffee beans for a standard 4-cup French press.
  2. Boil the Water: Heat 450 grams of water to about 200°F (just below boiling).

I do not yet measure my coffee and water when making coffee at home. Perhaps when I start to make coffee at home with a French Press, I will experiment with measurements.

Step 2: Grind the Coffee Beans

Grind your coffee beans to a coarse consistency, similar to sea salt. A uniform grind ensures even extraction, preventing over-extraction and bitterness.

  1. Set the Grinder: Adjust your burr grinder to a coarse setting.
  2. Grind the Beans: Grind the measured beans. You should end up with 30 grams of coarsely ground coffee.

You can get a grinder from Zuma Coffee

Step 3: Preheat the French Press

Preheating the French press helps maintain the optimal brewing temperature.

  1. Add Hot Water: Pour some of the boiled water into the French press.
  2. Swirl and Discard: Swirl the water around to warm up the glass and discard it.

Step 4: Combine Coffee and Water

Now it’s time to start brewing:

  1. Add Coffee Grounds: Pour the ground coffee into the preheated French press.
  2. Pour Water: Add half of the hot water (225 grams) over the coffee grounds, saturating them evenly.
  3. Bloom: Allow the coffee to bloom for 30 seconds. This releases trapped gases and enhances flavour.
  4. Stir: Gently stir the coffee grounds and water with a wooden or plastic spoon.
  5. Add Remaining Water: Pour the remaining 225 grams of water into the French press.

Step 5: Steep and Press

  1. Steep: Place the lid on the French press and let it steep for 4 minutes.
  2. Press: After 4 minutes, slowly press the plunger down. Apply steady pressure to avoid agitation.
  3. Serve: Pour the brewed coffee into your mug immediately to stop extraction.

Tips for the Perfect French Press Coffee

To further enhance your coffee experience, consider these additional tips:

  • Use Fresh Beans: Coffee is best enjoyed fresh. Buy whole beans and grind them just before brewing.
  • Filtered Water: Use filtered water to avoid any unwanted flavours from tap water.
  • Consistent Grind Size: Ensure your grinder produces a consistent coarse grind to prevent over-extraction.
  • Clean Your Equipment: Regularly clean your French press to avoid residual oils and coffee grounds from affecting the taste.

Solutions To Common Issues

Even with the best equipment and technique, you might encounter some issues. Here’s how to fix common problems:

  • Bitter Coffee: This could be due to over-extraction. Try a coarser grind or reduce the brewing time.
  • Weak Coffee: Under-extraction might be the cause. Use a finer grind or increase the steeping time.
  • Sludge: If you find too much sediment in your coffee, ensure you’re using a coarse grind.

Exploring Coffee Variations with a French Press

The French press is versatile and can be used to make different types of coffee. Here are a few variations to try:

  • Cold Brew: Use the French press to make cold brew coffee by steeping coarsely ground coffee in cold water for 12-24 hours. Press and serve over ice.
  • Iced Coffee: Brew a strong batch of coffee, then pour it over ice for a refreshing iced coffee.
  • Flavoured Coffee: Add spices like cinnamon or cardamom to the coffee grounds for a unique flavour twist.


Making coffee at home with a French press is a delightful and straightforward process. By following these five easy steps and incorporating the tips provided, you’ll be able to enjoy a rich, flavourful cup of coffee that rivals your favourite coffee shop.

Experiment with different beans, grind sizes, and steeping times to find your perfect brew. Happy brewing!

Feel free to experiment and tweak the process to suit your taste preferences. With practice, you’ll master the art of French press coffee, making your mornings more enjoyable and your coffee breaks more satisfying.

Before the end of this month, I will experiment with a French press and share how that goes.

See this video for visuals on how to make coffee at home with a French Press.

Happy Brewing.